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Performance Analysis

Why does Rider #1 consistently cross the finish line before Rider #2 if both weigh the same, train the same amount, produce the same threshold power, and eat the same? To know why, you have to understand what’s happening inside each rider’s body while riding.  This is called a riders Metabolic Profile. And we can provide you with these crucial metrics.


In partnership with INSCYD, AchievePTC offers it’s athletes and anybody else the secret weapon that has long been used by the pros. The testing protocol and subsequent results identify your full metabolic profile, including the most valuable variables including VO2max, Anaerobic Threshold, FatMax, and the missing link of cycling performance, VLamax.

20% of the difference in performance between cycling amateurs and professionals, can be explained by VO2max. 75% of the performance differences in these two groups is accounted for by differences in VLamax, or volume of lactate accumulation and clearance.

A tailored training program will then be created to take your performance to the next level.

How? Complete a Critical Power Test

You get a precise performance profile based on physiological data.

Maximum sustainable power output is typically viewed as the single most important metric of performance.  However, there are many other factors that contribute to your physical ability.  These crucial training metrics include aerobic and anaerobic energy supply, efficiency, fat combustion, carbohydrate sparing, and recovery.

VLamax is highly adaptive to training and detraining. It may well account for a majority of changes in endurance performance throughout a season. therefore, tracking VLamax and adjusting accordingly is imperative. We now have the tools to do this for you.

Do you want to know your full metabolic profile, including your VLamax? Schedule a call with us at 415…609…7972.

Listen to what Dan Lorang, coach of Jan Frodeno and other professional athletes, on the importance of VLamax in Ironman


The Secret Weapon of the World’s Top Endurance Athletes 

Measuring VLamax – Your Glyoclytic Power 

Glycolytic power – or VLamax – has proven a highly important metric in endurance sports over the past decade.  A high VLamax allows for high performance in short events such as sprinting. On the other hand, high VLamax causes higher glycolytic flux rate at sub-maximum intensities. This leads to high carbohydrate combustion, slower recovery from lactate accumulation, lower energetic contribution from fatty acids and lower performance at anaerobic threshold. The good news is your VLamax is highly trainable. We can train your VLamax to match the demands of your goals, whether you want to improve your criterium performance or better your time trialing.

In the highest ranks of sports, such as swimming, triathlon and cycling, the integration of VLamax as a metric has helped to understand athletic performance. Almost unnoticed in the past decade, VLamax has been a key metric to success for:

  • Olbrecht – advisor to coaches whose athletes won 18 medals in Rio Olympic Games
  • STAPS: Europe’s most successful testing and coaching business, having Movistar, Katusha-Alpecin, Bora-Hansgrohe, et at. as their customers
  • Sebastian Weber – one of cyclings most successful coaches in the past decade, worked with athlete such as: Alban Lakata, Tony Martin, Ivan Basso, André Greipel, Peter Sagan, et al.
  • Dan Lorang – former head coach of the German Triathlon Federation, private coach of Jan Frodeno et a

Aerobic & Glycolytic Power

The maximum aerobic power is commonly measured as VO2max – the maximum oxygen uptake capacity. Why is VO2max important? For each milliliter of oxygen processed in the aerobic metabolism, energy is produced.

In the glycolytic metabolism (glycolysis) lactate (or pyruvate) is produced out of glucose. This anaerobic process (no oxygen is involved) also produces energy. The amount of energy produced per piece of glucose is much less compared to the aerobic metabolism. However, this type of energy is produced at a much faster rate. Therefore, glycolysis is much more important for shorter, high intensity efforts. For such short efforts, a high energy production in a short time is needed. As the amount of energy produced is proportional to the amount of lactate or pyruvate produced, VLamax is a feasible way to measure glycolytic performance. VLamax stands for max production of lactate.

VLamax hasn’t been widely measured until now. Historically, very few, but highly successful coaches and sport scientists have used it. What’s the reason for this? VLamax wasn’t easily accessible…yet.

The role of VLamax in endurance performance

Glycolysis is not only important for sprinters, but has a tremendous effect on endurance performance. Glycolysis is the only way to utilize carbohydrates as a fuel during exercise. High glycolytic rates, enable high rates of utilizations of carbohydrates as a fuel. On the other hand, a high utilization of carbohydrates as fuel, reduces the need for fatty acids as a fuel- thus lowering fat metabolism. Furthermore, the maximum glycolytic power – or VLamax – influences the glycolytic rate at endurance exercises. High VLamax will trigger high lactate production during endurance exercises. This high lactate production lowers power at anaerobic threshold and the ability to recover from lactate accumulation.

  • Do you wonder what enables high performance at anaerobic threshold?
  • Why do different athletes require different fueling strategies and carbohydrate intake?
  • Why do different athletes encounter different abilities to utilize fatty acids as a fuel – even though those athletes might possess similar performance at anaerobic threshold?
  • What allows certain athletes to change their race rhythm and attack their competition, with bouts of high power/energy output, again and again and again?

If these questions are of interest to you – assessing VLamax might – in most cases – be the answer to these questions.

Higher maximum glycolytic power (higher VLamax) triggers higher lactate production rates at sub maximum / endurance exercises

Lets look at two identical athletes. These athletes share identical body weight and body composition (muscle mass, fat mass, etc.), identical efficiency (energy needed to produce one Watt of power), identical buffering capacity, identical aerobic capacity (VO2max), but with two different VLamax. The high VLamax triggers higher lactate production rates at all sub maximum intensities. The athlete with the higher VLamax possess a higher lactate production rate, for any given power output, when compared to the athlete with the low VLamax.

For the athlete with a higher VLamax, this higher lactate production results in a lower intensity at which lactate production equals lactate clearance. This is the mechanism of how a high VLamax lowers anaerobic threshold- as shown below.

Fig 1: Muscle Metabolism in steady state conditions are shown here. The influence of a high vs. a low VLamax on the lactate production, and anaerobic threshold is noted: all doted lines = high VLamax, all solid lines= low VLamax. Blue line shows the maximum possible lactate clearance rate by aerobic metabolism. The red line shows the lactate production. The yellow line shows the corresponding lactate concentration – for steady state conditions.

Higher lactate production rates come with the cost of higher carbohydrate utilization – therefore reducing fatty acid combustion

Muscles produce lactate using carbohydrates. Therefore, a high lactate production rate consequently results in higher carbohydrate utilization rates. With a higher amount of energy coming from carbohydrates, as a consequence the fat combustion rate is lower.

Fig 2: Carbohydrate combustion (red) and fat combustion (green) for a high VLamax (dotted lines) and a low VLamax (solid line)

By Sebastian Weber, Human Performance in Professional Sports and Founder of INSCYD.

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